A federal appeals court has ruled that law enforcement can extract historic location data from telecommunications companies without a warrant. The information is not protected by the Fourth Amendment, ruled the court because consumers knowingly give up the data each time they make a call or send a text message. The case contrasts with a recent New Jersey Supreme Court ruling that requires police to get a warrant to obtain cell phone information that could be used to track an individual.
A federal appeals court has ruled that an employer who terminated a pregnant employee is guilty of pregnancy discrimination. The court ruled that because her managers discussed her pregnancy in relation to her termination, saying that her “belly would be in the way,” the comments were discriminatory.
A federal court has awarded a former security officer more than $50,000 in back wages and attorney’s fees after he was fired for refusing to shave his beard as requested by his employer. The officer kept his beard closely cropped but maintained that the beard was part of his religious observance. The court found that the company’s request was religious discrimination.